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Disneyland: From orange groves to Magic Kingdom

Naysayers thought moviemaker Walt Disney was crazy when he turned 160 acres of Anaheim farmland into a theme park based on his animated features. Half a century later, the Southern California cultural landmark has added a second theme park next door and spawned offspring in Florida, Paris, Tokyo and soon Hong Kong. A look at how Disneyland has changed since opening day on July 17, 1955:

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Then: 1955

Admission: $1 adults, 50 cents for children 12 and under

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Employees: 900 to 1,000

Opening day attendance: 28,154

Cost to build Disneyland: $17 million

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Now: 2005

Admission: $53 adults, $43 for children 12 and under

Employees: 20,000

Total attendance: More than 500 million

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Opening day attractions (Date in parentheses indicates year closed)

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Frontierland

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Mark Twain Riverboat

Golden Horseshoe Revue

Mule Pack (1973)

Stage Coach (1959)

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Opened later in 1955:

Conestoga Wagons (1959)

Mike Fink Keel Boats (1997)

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Adventureland

Jungle Cruise

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Fantasyland

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Sleeping Beauty Castle

Mr. Toad’s Wild Ride

Peter Pan’s Flight

Snow White’s Adventures

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King Arthur Carousel

Mad Tea Party

Canal Boats of the World became Storybook Land Canal Boats in 1956.

Opened later in 1955:

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Casey Jr. Circus Train

Dumbo the Flying Elephant

Mickey Mouse Club Theater (1981)

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Main Street, U.S.A.

Disneyland Railroad

Main Street Cinema

Horse-drawn streetcars

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Horse-drawn fire wagon (1960)

Opened later in 1955:

Main Street Shooting Gallery (1962)

Horse-drawn surreys (1960)

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Tomorrowland

Autopia

Circarama U.S.A., 360-degree movie became Circle-Vision in 1967 (1992)

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Space Station X-1 satellite simulator (1960)

Monsanto Hall of Chemistry (1966)

Opened later in 1955:

Rocket to the Moon launch simulator became Flight to the Moon and then Mission to Mars (1992)

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20,000 Leagues Under the Sea movie set (1967)

Phantom Boats (1955)

“The World Beneath Us” movie (1960)

Aluminum Hall of Fame (1960)

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Color Gallery exhibit (1963)

Flight Circle model airplane demonstration (1966)

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Current attractions added since 1955 (Date in parentheses indicates year opened)

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Frontierland

Sailing Ship Columbia (1958)

Big Thunder Mountain Railroad roller coaster (1979)

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Tom Sawyer Island play area (1956)

Frontierland Shootin’ Exposition (1957)

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Adventureland

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Indiana Jones Adventure (1995)

Enchanted Tiki Room (1963)

Tarzan’s Treehouse (replaced Swiss Family Treehouse in 1999)

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Fantasyland

(Extensively renovated in 1983)

“it’s a small world” (1966)

Alice in Wonderland (1958)

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Matterhorn Bobsleds (1959)

Pinocchio’s Daring Journey (1983)

Snow White musical (2004)

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Main Street, U.S.A.

50th anniversary exhibit (2005)

Horseless carriage (1956)

Omnibus (1956)

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Fire engine (1958)

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Tomorrowland

(Remodeled in 1967 and 1998.)

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Space Mountain roller coaster (reopens in July)

Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters space ride (2005)

Innoventions technology exhibit (1998)

Star Tours motion simulator (1987)

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“Honey I Shrunk the Audience” 3-D movie (1998)

Astro Orbitor (opened as Astro-Jets in 1956, relocated in 1967 and 1998)

Monorail (1959)

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Critter Country

Splash Mountain (1989)

Davy Crockett’s Explorer Canoes (1956)

The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh (2003)

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New Orleans Square

Haunted Mansion (1969)

Fantasmic water show (1992)

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Pirates of the Caribbean (1967)

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Mickey’s Toontown

Roger Rabbit’s Car Toon Spin (1994)

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Chip ‘n Dale Treehouse (1993)

Donald’s Boat (1993)

Gadget’s Go Coaster (1993)

Goofy’s Bounce House (1993)

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Mickey’s House (1993)

Minnie’s House (1993)

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Cost of 2001 expansion:

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$1.4 billion

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Sources: Disneyland publicity director Timothy O’Day, Yesterland, Mouse Planet Disneyland Information Guide, Pictometry, Orange County Geomatics/Land Information Systems, U.S. Geological Survey, Amusement Business. Graphics reporting by Brady MacDonald

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Recent regional explainer graphics are available at latimes.com/localgraphics


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