Students cross Fountain Avenue as they return to Thomas Starr King Middle School in East Hollywood on Wednesday morning.(Al Seib / Los Angeles Times)
Students return to Thomas Starr King Middle School in East Hollywood on Wednesday morning.(Al Seib / Los Angeles Times)
Tiffany Hooper drops off her 8-year-old daughter Leah Hooper with a hug at Germain Street Elementary School in Chatsworth.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Students return to Franklin High School in Highland Park on Wednesday, a day after all LAUSD campuses were closed by a threat.(Irfan Khan / Los Angeles Times)
Los Angeles School Police officers Alex Donoso, left, and Heriberto Valdez at Franklin High School on Wednesday morning as schools reopen after Tuesday’s closure.(Irfan Khan / Los Angeles Times)
Student board a bus in front of Franklin High School in Los Angeles as schools reopen on Wednesday.(Irfan Khan / Los Angeles Times)
Sunny Vargas, 16, left, Carlos Bello, 16, and Natalie Matossian, 14, raise flags outside Franklin High School as Los Angeles schools reopened on Wednesday.(Irfan Khan / Los Angeles Times)
A memorial of candles marks the spot where Andres Perez, 17, of Montebello was struck and killed by a city truck as crossed the street near his school at the corner of Avenue 60 and Figueroa Street in Highland Park.(Mark Boster / Los Angeles Times)
L.A. Unifed Police Officer Jose Zamora looks inside a classroom while conducting a safety check at Theodore Roosevelt High School in Los Angeles.(Irfan Khan / Los Angeles Times)
Los Angeles school police search Breed Street Elementary in Boyle Heights.(Irfan Khan / Los Angeles Times)
(Irfan Khan / Los Angeles Times)
Shortly after L.A. Unified announced Tuesday’s school closures, a 17-year-old male student was fatally struck by a city service truck while crossing a Highland Park street. The teen was near Avenue 60 and Figueroa Street at about 7:30 a.m. when he was hit, Los Angeles Police Officer Jane Kim said.(Rick Loomis / Los Angeles Times)
A police officer secures the Robert F. Kennedy Learning Center in Los Angeles after an email threat forced the closure of all LAUSD schools on Tuesday.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles TImes)
Elementary schoolchildren play on a snow hill at the Studio City Recreation Center in Studio City. All were from area public and private schools that were closed Tuesday.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Elementary schoolchildren play on a snow hill at the Studio City Recreation Center in Studio City after all Los Angeles Unified School District campuses and several private schools were closed after a security threat.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Los Angeles Unified School District Supertintendent Ramon Cortines talks to reporters about the closure of LAUSD campuses.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Venice High School principal Dr. Oryla Wiedoeft talks with 17-year-old twin brothers Michael and Erik Sanchez about the closure of schools in the LAUSD on Dec. 15.(Genaro Molina / Los Angeles Times)
Venice High School senior Bernadette Rios, 17, waits for her mother to pick her up after officials closed all LAUSD campuses on Dec. 15.(Genaro Molina / Los Angeles Times)
School buses are idle in the LAUSD’s Gardena garage after officials closed all campuses in the district following a “credible threat’ of violence on Dec. 15.(Mark Boster / Los Angeles Times)
A Los Angeles School Police officer checks in with officials at the LAUSD’s Gardena garage, where school buses are parked Dec. 15 as officials investigate a threat against the district.(Mark Boster / Los Angeles Times)
El Camino Real Charter Academy in Woodland Hills is among the LAUSD campuses closed on Dec. 15.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
El Camino Real Charter Academy freshman Nazanin Nayeri, 15, calls home to be picked up from the Woodland Hills school on Dec. 15 after being informed that classes were canceled due to a threat.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Ben Gertner, principal of Theodore Roosevelt High School, center; Jose Espinoza, right, principal of Math, Science, Technology Magnet Academy; and a volunteer stand outside locked school gates on Dec. 15.(Irfan Khan / Los Angeles Times)
Law enforcement officers gather at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in response to the “credible threat” of violence directed at Los Angeles Unified schools on Dec. 15.(KTLA)
Hale Charter Academy Principal Chris Perdigao tells parents that the Woodland Hills campus is closed.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Idle school buses at a bus yard in Gardena.(KTLA)
The Ramon C. Cortines School of Visual and Performing Arts is one of the LAUSD campuses closed.(KTLA)
Gardena Senior High School is one of the LAUSD campuses closed.(KTLA)
The threats arrived at the same time on opposite sides of the country.
Shortly after 10 Monday night — about 1 a.m. on the East Coast — public school officials in Los Angeles and New York received nearly identical emails promising imminent attacks on campuses involving explosives and gunmen.
The immediate response in both cities was the same: Call the police and the FBI.
There, however, the parallels ended.
An hour before the sun rose in Los Angeles, the head of the sprawling school district made the dramatic decision to close the district’s more than 900 schools for the day, upending the routines for 640,000 students and setting off a massive response as police began to scour campuses.
Cross-country sniping followed quickly.
The move in Los Angeles was “a significant overreaction,” New York Police Commissioner William J. Bratton, who once ran the LAPD, said bluntly.
“We cannot allow ourselves to raise levels of fear,” Bratton said to reporters. “This is not a credible threat and not one that requires any action.”
His boss, Mayor Bill de Blasio, said the email threat was “so generic, so outlandish” that it couldn’t be taken seriously.
“It’s very easy to second-guess decision-makers when you don’t have to live with the consequences of the decision,” Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beck, a disciple of Bratton’s, fired back. “These decisions are not something you get to do over again if you turn out to be wrong.”
Later in the day, he conceded that the threat was not credible. But in the early morning, nothing was clear.
The email, Beck said, was sent to members of the L.A. Unified Board of Education, which oversees a massive district spread over more than 720 square miles.
Los Angeles school board President Steve Zimmer opened his email Monday night, saw the threat and immediately notified the district’s police chief, who in turn contacted the LAPD. The LAPD alerted the FBI.
Shortly before Beck learned of the unfolding crisis, a high-ranking official in the New York City school system was starting the day with a check of emails that had arrived overnight. Seeing the ominous message, the official set in motion an investigation like the one already underway in Los Angeles.
In Los Angeles, Beck said he was troubled by the “very broad ... but also very specific” nature of the threat.
The email, he said, listed the name of every L.A. Unified school and suggested that high schools were the primary target. The sender wrote that the attack would occur Tuesday and warned that explosives had already been planted. After they detonated, people “with ISIS connections” would attack with AK-47 rifles and other guns, said Beck, who was paraphrasing the email.
“It was also in very good English — which is not a good sign,” he said. “Most of the hoaxes that I see … have syntax errors, a lot of incomplete sentences, non-sequiturs. So that concerned me.”
It was not until 5 a.m. that Supt. Ramon C. Cortines learned of the situation. Cortines, who announced his retirement months ago, had already begun to transition out of the job and his second in command, along with the school police chief and other top district officials, worked throughout the night without alerting him.
Shortly after he was told, Cortines made the decision to close schools.
Beck said the move showed great courage.
The first notice of the closures went out to district administrators at 6:25 a.m. An email went out to parents five minutes later.
The scene in New York was far different.
The threat sent to New York claimed that schools would be attacked with a combination of pressure cooker bombs, nerve gas agents and machine guns, according to a law enforcement source who read the email but was not authorized to release details. The sender said “138 comrades” would help carry out the attacks and that students at every school would be massacred.
Stephen Davis, deputy commissioner of the New York Police Department, said investigators were struck by small but significant errors in the email’s wording.
The message, for example, claimed that the attacks would be carried out in the name of Allah, but the sender used a lower case “a.” The email also included a large amount of information about the threatened attacks, which runs counter to common practices of terrorists, Davis said.
“It didn’t add up,” Davis said. New York police, like those in Los Angeles, declined to release copies of the emails, citing their ongoing criminal investigations.
Between 8:30 a.m. and 9 a.m. in New York, officials formally decided that the threats were unbelievable.
Los Angeles police didn’t learn of the New York threat until hours after the decision to close the Los Angeles schools was made.
“By that time, the horse was out of the barn,” Beck said.
The chief said he understood how the recent attacks in San Bernardino could have influenced the school district’s decision. “The tension in L.A. is palpable right now,” he said. “People are very concerned.”
“Would you send your kid to school?” he asked. “Even if it’s just a small possibility, why would I?”
Times staff writers Howard Blume and Richard A. Serrano contributed to this report.
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