Key takeaways from the first presidential debate between Trump and Biden

President Trump and  former Vice President Joe Biden exchange points in first debate.
President Trump and Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden during the first presidential debate Tuesday.
(Morry Gash / Pool Photo )

Well that was ugly.

After a series of world-shaking events, President Trump and Democratic challenger Joe Biden grappled face-to-face (sort of) in their first presidential debate Tuesday night — a scabrous spectacle that held out the prospect of dramatically upending their seemingly immovable contest.

Or not.

Typically, debates like this rowdy, off-the-rails session harden opinions, rather than change minds. It will take days — and endless playback loops — to know the full impact, if any, of the slugfest on a socially distanced stage in Cleveland.


A look at where President Trump and Joe Biden stand on key issues in the 2020 election, including healthcare, immigration, police reform and climate.

Sept. 14, 2020

Meantime, here are several key takeaways:

Trump untethered

He bullied. He blustered. He talked over Biden and moderator Chris Wallace.

For Trump it was a point of pride how little he seemed to ready himself for Tuesday night’s confrontation.

Simply doing his job was practice enough, he said, stating what other presidents apparently believed as well. Their reckoning came when those overconfident incumbents arrived on stage and, rust showing, came to regret their presumption and lack of preparation.

Trump, though, has never been a conventional debater. He has no use for the tyranny of timekeepers, the standards of common courtesy or the obligations of social grace.

He repeatedly interrupted Biden, needling him with personal insults and ignoring Wallace’s efforts to rein him in and — at the least — glancingly answer the questions put to the two candidates.

“Will you shut up, man,” Biden exclaimed at one point, in obvious frustration.

In sum, it was a vintage Trump performance — which doubtless thrilled his supporters but probably did little to broaden his backing much beyond his base, which, though seemingly unshakable, is well short of a majority of Americans.

Not-so-Sleepy Joe

For more than a year, Trump has taunted his rival as “Sleepy Joe,” painting the former vice president as a barely sentient dotard who could hardly speak a complete sentence, much less run the country.


The hyperbolic accusations left Biden with the lowest of bars to clear, and he largely did. While the Democrat at times stumbled over phrases or unleashed some unwieldy sentences, he had no major “senior moment” that would fuel questions of his competency.

Trump, 74, and his allies, perhaps sensing they had misplayed the all-important expectations game, tried a last-minute change of course leading up to the debate. They preemptively mused, without evidence, that Biden was using performance-enhancing drugs or an earpiece to receive offstage help — all to explain away a sharp performance by his rival.

Baseless mudslinging aside, Biden’s mental acuity has remained a real question among voters. The 77-year-old at multiple times spoke directly into the camera, in hopes of allaying those concerns.

“I’ll be a president not just for Democrats,” he said, eyes firmly fixed as the session drew near a close. “I’ll be a president for Democrats and Republicans.”

President Trump and Joe Biden clash Tuesday night in their first face-to-face debate

Sept. 29, 2020

An ominous warning

“This is not going to end well” is not how you’d expect a candidate running in an election to describe said election.

But that was exactly the pessimistic and conspiratorial tone that Trump took in falsely characterizing mail-in balloting as riddled with fraud — part of a persistent campaign to undermine confidence in the election.

When Wallace asked Trump if he would urge his backers to refrain from civil unrest, the president responded not with a calming hand but a clenched fist. “I’m urging my supporters to go into the polls and watch very carefully,” he said suggesting it was possible, if not probable, the election would be unfair.

The comments, coupled with Trump skirting a question about denouncing white supremacist supporters and telling the extremist group Proud Boys to “stand back and stand by,” will do little to quell concerns about a peaceful transfer of power should Trump lose.

For his part, Biden was unequivocal in disavowing violence and said he would not declare victory until the election was independently certified — something Trump refused to do.

“Once the winner is declared after … all the votes are counted, that’ll be the end of it,” Biden said.

The pandemic debate

Shrouding the entire debate was the COVID-19 pandemic, which has killed more than 1 million people worldwide and ended, at least for now, life as we once knew it.

Biden laid into Trump early and often, holding him personally responsible for the more than 200,000 Americans who have died so far — fully 20% of the world’s total. “The president has no plan,” the Democrat asserted. “He panicked.”

Trump would have none of it, accusing China of setting the virus loose on the world and suggesting the toll would have been vastly higher had Biden been in charge. “You were a disaster,” he said, when the H1N1 flu hit the United States early in the Obama administration.

“Fourteen thousand died,” Biden shot back. “We didn’t shut down the economy.”

The deadly disease asserted itself even before the topic arose in one of six discrete rounds of questioning.

There was no traditional handshake to start — sparing the two antagonists from pretending to make nice even briefly — and the candidates were carefully spaced a medically prescribed distance apart.

Most notably there was no large studio audience to boo and cheer, denying Trump, in particular, the adrenaline rush he gets playing to a vocal crowd of supporters.

That left most zingers to land, unheeded and uncelebrated, with a decided thud.

The Fox News Sunday host will handle the first showdown between President Trump and former vice president Joe Biden

Sept. 28, 2020

Schoolyard taunts

The volley of put-downs and insults between the candidates seemed at times to be more fitting for a grade-school playground than a debate stage.

“There’s nothing smart about you,” Trump told Biden, insulting the former vice president’s scholastic performance.

At times, Biden stooped to Trump’s level. “You’re the worst president America has ever had,” Biden told his nemesis, and later called him a “clown.”

After one particularly nasty exchange in which Trump disparaged Biden’s son Hunter and his past drug addiction — seeming to belittle his late son, Beau, in the process — Wallace threw up his hands for what seemed the umpteenth time.

“I think the American people would rather hear about substantial subjects,” the moderator said.

Once more to no avail.

Trump has tried for a year to find an attack that would throw Biden off stride. So far, none has done the job. At the debate, he just repeated them.

Sept. 30, 2020

Return of the tax returns

It’s been the subject of endless speculation — and litigation — but for much of his presidency, Trump has managed to keep the details of his tax returns out of public view. Then the New York Times dropped a bombshell, just 48 hours before the debate: They got ‘em.

Their deep-dive investigation showed a complicated web of business losses, personal debts and tax write-offs — including $70,000 for hairstyling — but Wallace homed in on a key takeaway: how much Trump paid in federal income taxes.

“Millions of dollars,” the president answered.

That response was at odds with the New York Times’ report, which said Trump’s personal income tax bill was $750 in two recent years, and zero before that.

“Show us your tax returns,” Biden demanded. Trump said he would do so “as soon as it’s finished,” apparently referring to an ongoing audit, though there is nothing that precludes him for releasing the documents.

Trump said that, like any business person, he looked for ways to pay less in taxes. That gave Biden an opening to blast the current tax code, in which a schoolteacher would pay more than a self-proclaimed billionaire like Trump.

“That’s why I’m going to eliminate the Trump tax cuts,” which tilt heavily toward the wealthiest Americans, Biden said.

President Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden faced off in Cleveland in their first presidential debate.

Sept. 29, 2020

Supreme skirmish

Just in case a global pandemic and economic downturn weren’t enough fodder, the passing of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg and the warp-speed efforts by Republicans to fill her seat injected even more drama into the campaign.

It’s the rare case where both sides believe they have the political upper hand.

Trump, who has successfully appointed more than 200 judges to the federal courts, was eager to rally Republicans with his pick of appeals court Judge Amy Coney Barrett, an acolyte of the late conservative hero Justice Antonin Scalia.

“We have a phenomenal nominee,” Trump said, predicting she’d be “as good as anybody that has served.”

Biden, meantime, leaped at the chance to warn of the threat he sees Barrett posing to the Affordable Care Act and abortion rights. That argument could fire up both liberals and independents who are wary of an ultraconservative high court.

Pointing out that the election is already underway, he said the vacancy should remain open until the voters could weigh in. “The American people should speak,” Biden said, urging the audience to turn out. “Vote and let your senators know how strongly you feel.”

With enough Republicans in the Senate to confirm Barrett, it seems unlikely Biden’s exhortation will matter much on Capitol Hill. He’s hoping, however, the fight will help Democrats on Nov. 3.

President Trump repeatedly interrupted Joe Biden and moderator Chris Wallace in the first 2020 presidential debate. We analyzed the debate, round by round.

Sept. 29, 2020

To tell the truth

Trump has long had an elastic, slippery relationship with the truth, which made real-time fact-checking an especially fraught proposition.

Going in, the Biden camp insisted it wasn’t the Democrat’s job to rebut Trump’s erroneous claims. Wallace said he wouldn’t play truth cop the whole night either, seeing no obligation to call out Trump’s misstatements or correct Biden’s exaggerations.

That left the two candidates to self-referee — Says who? Says you! — and viewers at home to puzzle out what was real, what was fake and what was hyperbole.

Edifying it was not.

Wallace, the moderator of “Fox News Sunday,” is a polished newsman and highly skilled interrogator. But amid the relentless hollering and cacophony of insults, he was continually reduced to pleading for the tiniest semblance of order.

“Mr. President, please,” he said over and over, reminding Trump his campaign agreed to a set of ground rules he blithely ignored. “Mr. President, let him answer.”

There are food fights waged with more decorum, and Tuesday’s night spectacle probably left few hungering for a repeat.

The next presidential debate is set for Oct. 15.