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The State

Black revolutionary George Jackson took a pistol from beneath a large, Afro-style wig to start the 1971 San Quentin escape attempt that led to a rampage and six deaths, prison guard Urbano Rubiaco Jr. testified in the San Rafael trial of Stephen Bingham. Another guard had testified he did not see a wig, but that Jackson took the gun from “underneath the back of his hair.” Bingham, who was Jackson’s attorney and who vanished the day of the riot, surrendered in 1984. He is charged with murder and conspiracy for allegedly slipping the gun to Jackson, who was killed in the bloody breakout attempt. Rubiaco, 39, also testified that his own throat was slit by another inmate, Hugo Pinell.


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