Entertainment & Arts

The evolution of Avenida Revolución and a gallery called TJ in China

TJ in China proprietors Daniel Ruanova and Mely Barragán

Tijuana artists Daniel Ruanova and Mely Barragán at their art gallery, TJ in China ProjectSpace. For almost three years, the space has served as a hub of international contemporary art in Tijuana.

(Marcus Yam / Los Angeles Times)

The experience of Tijuana can be summed up by a single thoroughfare: Avenida Revolución — the street named for the Mexican Revolution — which has itself always been a revolution of sorts.

This is where, for decades, tourists to the city have come to eat and drink and dance and possibly find illicit amusements. It’s where the Caesar Salad was reportedly invented. And it’s where it’s possible to have your picture taken alongside a donkey painted to resemble a zebra.

Which is exactly why Tijuana artists Daniel Ruanova and Mely Barragán wanted to open a gallery there.

“We used to come down and dance here,” says Ruanova, standing in the middle of Revolución, gesturing toward the black-lighted bars and thumping clubs that still hug bits of the strip.


“We wanted Revolución,” adds Barragán, “because everyone in Tijuana at some point or another has to be on Revolución.”

So in 2013, the pair opened TJ in China ProjectSpace on the southern end of Revolución — or as everyone in Tijuana affectionately calls it: “La Revu.”

This is a young city without an art market, so the space could really be about experimentation
Mely Barragán, co-founder of TJ in China ProjectSpace

Barragán and Ruanova were both born and raised in the city and describe themselves as a couple of “border rats”: fully bilingual, as comfortable with the minutiae of Mexican culture as they are with that of the U.S.


They are a couple — a charming one, with the ability to complete each other’s thoughts. They are also artists: she works in collage and soft sculpture; he as a painter and sculptor. And they’ve both shown their work in museums and galleries throughout Mexico and the United States.

Ruanova, additionally, has had exhibitions and residencies in China, which for a time took the couple to Beijing. In fact, for two years starting in 2011, the couple ran their first TJ in China space there, where they showed a mix of international and Chinese artists.

In 2013, they received a grant to work in Mexico and returned to Tijuana with the idea of opening a space on Revolución. They took over a storefront that had once housed a curio shop and crispy taco stand and transformed it into an artist-run exhibition space.

“This is a young city without an art market,” says Barragán. “So the space could really be about experimentation.”

“Artists like it,” she adds, “because of the freedom.”

Daniel Ruanova and Mely Barragán host a group at TJ in China

Ruanova and Barragán at their space in June, hosting a group from the Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego.

(Carolina A. Miranda / Los Angeles Times)

Since its foundation, TJ in China has become a staple of the contemporary Tijuana’s contemporary art scene. Group shows on the urban landscape, border politics and labor issues have generated attention from Mexican and American journalists. And over the gallery’s short life, the couple have hosted artist talks and open-call video-art nights as well as a dozen residencies for a wide gamut of international artists.


The goal, say Barragán and Ruanova, has been to create a place of exchange — where Tijuana artists can meet the world and vice versa.

“What we try to do,” explains Ruanova, “is bring the best art we can to the people of Revolución.”

If the idea of a buzzy contemporary gallery amid a hub of garish party spots seems unlikely, well, it is.

Just over a decade ago, Tijuana’s bustling tourist trade would have put rents on Avenida Revolución out of reach to anyone who wasn’t selling cheap tequila and crispy things to soak it up with. Which pretty much meant that the strip was off limits to most outlets of high culture.

But Tijuana’s highly publicized period of cartel violence, which heated up in 2008, put a chill on tourism. The number of homicides has fallen dramatically since then, but tourism nonetheless remains weak — leaving many of the discos, bars and clubs on Revolución permanently shuttered.

‘Inhale,’ 2013, by Mely Barragán

In a practice that incorporates collage, painting and soft sculpture, Mely Barragán looks at gender, language and media portrayals, among other issues. Seen here: ‘Inhale,’ a collage from 2013.

(Mely Barragán)

This has made portions of this party strip surprisingly affordable. In the early 2000s, during the height of the tourist trade, TJ in China’s 1,000-square-foot space might have rented in the vicinity of $5,000 a month. Barragán and Ruanova, who operate their gallery as a not-for-profit, funded primarily through grants, pay just $500 a month.


To be certain, TJ in China wasn’t the first cultural space to land on Revolución. That began in 2010, with the establishment of smaller art galleries and other pop-up spaces in the moribund Pasaje Rodriguez, one of the narrow commercial arcades that extend off Revolución — and this type of development has since extended to Pasaje Gomez nearby.

Both arcades offer a lively mix of fringe art spaces, boutiques and eateries catering to the hipster regimen of craft beer and vegan eats. (KCET’s Artbound has a good story on their development.)

‘Sitio de Seguridad’ by Daniel Ruanova

‘Sitio de Seguridad,’ created in 2008, a sculpture by Daniel Ruanova that plays with the notion of defensive architecture — of making a space uninhabitable. It is seen installed outside of the Tadao Ando-designed arts center at the University of Monterrey in Mexico this past spring.

(Daniel Ruonova)

Collectively, the presence of all of these cultural spaces has changed aspects of Revolución rakish character. In the Pasaje Rodriguez, you can sip beer from Mamut, a local brewery, while taking in a performance.

Next door to TJ in China, you can now find Doratto, a hip boutique featuring fashion by Tijuana designers (as well as an old truck from which baristas dispense espresso).

“And nearby they will be building an art cinema,” says Ruanova, pointing toward an space across the street. “Before, that would have been the kind of place where tourists would have come to drink beer and party.”

‘Drama Literature,’ 2015, by Mely Barragán

For the 2015 piece ‘Drama Literature,’ Barragán created a cut-out collage of language used in women’s and fashion magazines. A rendering of the collage as a stack of print is seen above.

(Mely Barragán)

If there’s something that sets in TJ in China apart it’s their international ambitions — something that is fed by their own art practices. Barragán is working on a piece that will be exhibited at Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions in January. And Ruanova has begun to dive into an art project inspired by the history of the bracero program — the guest labor program run by the U.S. government in the 1950s — which has taken him to Stanford University to do research.

In their travels, they are constantly scanning the horizon for new artists they can invite back to Revolución. They are also at work on a catalog that will serve as an archive of the exhibitions they have staged so far — so that they can put a bit of Tijuana into the world.

“We are always searching for a new idea,” says Barragán. “Something different we can try.”

Says Ruanova: “It won’t stay the same.”

Like the storied street they inhabit, TJ in China is also constantly evolving.

TJ in China is located at Avenida Revolución No. 1332, Tijuana, The best way to keep up on new exhibitions and openings is to follow the gallery on their Facebook page.

Find me on Twitter @cmonstah.

Series: Tijuana’s Generation Art

Tijuana art

Get our daily Entertainment newsletter

Get the day's top stories on Hollywood, film, television, music, arts, culture and more.

You may occasionally receive promotional content from the Los Angeles Times.