News Analysis: Trump’s sway over Republican Party fades as end of his term nears

President Trump arrives at the White House on Tuesday evening after a trip to Texas.
President Trump arrives at the White House on Tuesday evening after a trip to Texas.
(Gerald Herbert / Associated Press )

Just a few weeks ago, President Trump, even in defeat after the November election, dominated the Republican Party — able to bend lawmakers to his will and assert a strong claim to the party’s nomination for another White House run four years from now.

Today, as the final days of his presidency hurtle toward their close and the House has voted to impeach him for a second time, Trump’s formidable control of the GOP has rapidly eroded.

The clearest example of Trump’s declining sway came during Wednesday afternoon’s debate as House Republican leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Bakersfield), who has long been among his most loyal allies, supported censuring Trump, although not impeaching him.


“The president bears responsibility for Wednesday’s attack on Congress by mob violence,” McCarthy said. He also dismissed the contention — pushed by Trump and widely circulated on conservative media — that leftist backers of the antifa movement were responsible for the violence. And he denounced “the continued rhetoric that Joe Biden is not the legitimate president.”

“Let’s be clear: Joe Biden will be sworn in in one week because he won the election,” McCarthy said.

Events have moved so fast, and Trump’s power has waned so quickly, that the prospect of a Senate conviction of the president — albeit in a trial that would take place after he leaves office — has gone in a matter of days from almost inconceivable to openly under discussion. Conviction after he leaves office could lead to Trump being barred from running again.

The 232-197 House vote Wednesday came exactly one week after the Capitol suffered its most violent assault since the British burned it in the War of 1812.

Jan. 13, 2021

Yet the mounting criticism within his own party does not guarantee that Trump will be abandoned by the GOP.

He remains popular with a large majority of Republican voters, and as the impeachment debate showed, he retains the loyalty of a large and vocal contingent of conservative lawmakers in the House. Rounding up 17 Republican senators willing to convict — the number needed if all 50 Democrats and independents in the soon-to-be Democratic-controlled Senate were to vote against him — remains a formidable task.

Countering the loyalty Trump still commands are two powerful forces that have combined to erode his support from fellow Republicans. Both involve events he helped set in motion — last Wednesday’s mob attack on the U.S. Capitol and, the previous day, the Republicans’ loss of both Senate seats in runoff elections in Georgia.


The first dynamic is personal: Members of Congress in both parties were deeply shocked by last week’s riot, which suddenly made Trump’s conduct a factor in their own lives — forcing them to flee to shelter. That shock has grown as more details of the riot have become public.

Democrats have insistently blamed Trump for inciting the violence. Most Republicans have stopped short of that, but many agree that Trump’s rhetoric played a significant role.

The second is political: Over the last four years, Republicans were willing to excuse Trump’s conduct when they thought he held the key to political power for their party. But the twin defeats in Georgia, which came after Trump repeatedly attacked the state’s Republican governor and secretary of state — and its election integrity — shattered that belief.

Today many Republican strategists believe that so long as Trump remains the face of the party, they will be at risk of defeat even in once-reliably red states. Separating from him could cause a deep split in the party, alienating millions of Trump voters, but the risk of keeping him on board is higher, they believe.

Polls that show Trump’s standing with the public dropping to the lowest point of his presidency have reinforced their desire to be rid of him. So have announcements by businesses that they will no longer give Republicans money.

Amid widespread concern about what President Trump might be up to next, the Twitter window into his mind and life has closed for the first time in years.

Jan. 11, 2021

In the aftermath of the Georgia results, senior Republicans, especially Senate GOP leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, who is about to become the minority leader because of the Georgia defeats, had already begun looking for ways to separate their party from Trump. The riot added urgency to that quest.


Associates of McConnell’s say he remains furious at Trump and is considering voting to convict him in the Senate impeachment trial, as first reported by the New York Times. In a statement Wednesday, he confirmed that he hasn’t decided how he will vote. His office also said he would not agree to start the trial until after the inauguration.

The result of those clashing pressures could be seen in speeches and written statements Tuesday and Wednesday from GOP lawmakers. Only a handful, almost all from the party’s extreme right, defended Trump’s conduct. Most of those who said they would vote in his favor confined themselves to arguments about process or objections that ending his tenure early would be divisive.

Not one of the top three Republicans in the House spoke Tuesday night during debate on a resolution to urge Vice President Mike Pence to use the 25th Amendment to remove Trump from office. One of the three, Rep. Liz Cheney of Wyoming, supported impeachment. The other two, McCarthy and Rep. Steve Scalise of Louisiana, left the defense of the president to Rep. Jim Jordan of Ohio, one of Trump’s most loyal backers.

The reticence of Trump’s onetime allies stood in sharp contrast to the full-throated defenses they offered a year ago during the first impeachment.

Their lack of a strong defense this time also contrasted with the passionate denunciations from the 10 Republicans who backed impeachment.

Shortly before Tuesday’s debate began, Cheney, for example, excoriated Trump for helping incite the rioters.


“The president of the United States summoned this mob, assembled the mob, and lit the flame of this attack. Everything that followed was his doing,” Cheney said in a statement.

“There has never been a greater betrayal by a president of the United States of his office and his oath to the Constitution.”

These are the House Republicans who voted to impeach the president, the second impeachment Trump has faced.

Jan. 13, 2021

Another of the Republican supporters of impeachment, Rep. Fred Upton of Michigan, admitted that he feared the move would “interfere with important legislative business and a new Biden administration.”

“But it is time to say: enough is enough,” he wrote. “The Congress must hold President Trump to account.”

Jordan, who received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Trump on Monday, made little effort to counter those arguments. Instead, he devoted most of his time to criticizing Democrats for what he labeled their “obsession” with impeaching Trump and warning against what he referred to as left-wing “cancel culture.”

“Democrats have been consistent about one thing — their endless quest to overturn the 2016 election,” Jordan said.


“Cancel culture,” he added, “will come for us all. That’s what’s frightening.”

His remark drew a quick retort from Rep. Jamie Raskin (D-Md.), the lead impeachment manager.

“The cancel culture of violent white supremacy tried to cancel out all of our lives last Wednesday,” Raskin said.

A Senate vote against Trump remains uncertain. What is clear is that the events of the last week have done what four previous years could not — break Trump’s unquestioned hold over a party that he once conquered, but no longer controls. His future now depends on how rapidly his decline accelerates. He has less than a week left.