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Escarole and sunchoke salad with preserved lemon and smoked almonds

Time40 minutes
YieldsServes 4
Escarole and sunchoke salad with preserved lemon and smoked almonds
(Bob Chamberlin / Los Angeles Times)
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On a recent afternoon in the sun-filled kitchen at the back of Gjelina restaurant in Venice, chef Travis Lett mans an oven in which he’s baking several loaves of golden-crusted bread. “I’m looking for good color, nice ‘ears,’ ” Lett says, referring to the edge on top of the bread where it has split.

He’s dialing in the final details for his latest project, Gjelina Take Away (or GTA), a next-door annex that has Lett baking breads, jarring pickles and curing meats for what he envisions as a neighborhood deli selling “everyday stuff” -- pizza, antipasti, sandwiches -- set to open this month. “I want to get away from food that’s too precious,” he says. “Straight up, elemental, not fussy at all. I’m trying to get better at that.”

What’s to get better at? For the last three years, Lett, who is 32, has helped steer the success that is Gjelina: a constant swirl of diners who spill onto the Abbot Kinney Boulevard sidewalk waiting for a turn to eat in the open-all-day, brick-floored, Edison-bulb-accented restaurant. They come for his thin-crusted pizzas from the wood-burning oven, straight-from-the-farm vegetables such as roasted okra or grilled kale, and plates of rustic chickpea stew or stuffed eggplant or pork meatballs -- food that’s seemingly simple but made exactingly.

As Lett puts it: “We’re working really hard to not look like we’re working really hard.” That might be Lett’s approach to life, which lends him an air of likable nonchalance. On the surface, it seems as if everything comes to him easily.

Next year he’ll try to translate some of the minimalism and grace that works so well in bohemian-bourgeois Venice to a neighborhood better known for fancy and flash. Lett, who says he will continue to be a part of Gjelina, and a new partner have signed a lease for a restaurant on Hollywood Boulevard in the space that was formerly Kung Pao Kitty. It’s 2,500 square feet of restaurant on top of 2,500 square feet of basement, enough room for a locker to smoke and cure meats and maybe equipment to brew his own beer.

“Concept?” he asks. “That word scares me. Do I have to have a concept?”

Direct approach

At the heart of Gjelina is a kitchen staff that has grown from about 10 to nearly 50 people, cranking out a menu of several dozen dishes for which they make each component down to the creme fraiche and grainy mustard: ricotta, sauerkraut, knife-cut buckwheat pasta, guanciale, merguez sausage.... It takes three days to make the pizza, starting with the dough’s pre-ferment.

Produce from the Santa Monica farmers market now makes up 90% of the vegetables on the menu (and there are a lot of vegetables on the menu) -- two truckloads’ worth every Wednesday and Saturday, crates stacked to the roof in the alley behind the kitchen. “This is stuff that’s caked in dirt, has root bases, it goes from field to truck to restaurant,” Lett says. Washing and drying lettuce alone is practically a full-time job.

On any given Saturday, from morning to night, 1,000 people will have filled the 100-seat restaurant. “That’s 10 turns with a small margin for error,” Lett says. Even through the worst of the recession, each month has been busier than the last. And on a Monday at 10 p.m., you will still have to wait 45 minutes if you show up without a reservation.

Gjelina’s popularity has chafed some neighbors, who have prevented Lett from expanding to an aerie above the restaurant where he once planned a separate vegetarian kitchen and dining room, now used only for private events. Recently, a Venice civic organization has challenged city approval allowing Gjelina to increase the number of seats.

In some ways, Gjelina is an unlikely success story. The restaurant opened with no publicity, no sign, no valet. Lett, who says he’s “not even a highly trained chef, just a resourceful guy,” had literally bumped into the job after meeting the owner on the street. And despite his penchant for conversation and his model good looks, he has shied away from media and refused television appearances at a time when it’s the norm for self-promoting young chefs to jump at the chance to star on reality TV.

A different recipe

Lett grew up in tiny, affluent Chatham, N.J., a Manhattan bedroom community where his mom introduced him to farmers markets. “Forget that it was the ‘80s,” he says, “it was New Jersey. On weekends she got in the car and drove an hour and a half [to the market]. She worked, but when she got home and before she even put her bag down, I heard the stove click on. And we were expected to be at the table. Absolutely.” She cemented the idea that “food represented your relationship to the environment, your relationship to your health, there was that connection,” he says.

His cooking career path wasn’t conventional: “Culinary school, staging, working at Per Se, I don’t know anything about that,” he says. “The benefit is we’re all a product of experience, and mine was unorthodox, so I run a kitchen a little bit unorthodox. I don’t know whether that’s unfortunate or fortunate. I just embrace it.”

During college as an art student at the University of Colorado at Boulder, he cooked at an Italian restaurant for a few years. He left school, moved to L.A. on a whim and lived out of his car for a while. He was at the right place at the right time and landed a job as head chef at Japanese restaurant Tengu in Westwood.

By 24, he was the executive chef at the W in Westwood, running a hotel union kitchen and facing all the challenges that came with it, including at one point having to lay people off. “I quit. It honestly fried me,” he says. “I never wanted to cook again.” Still, he came away from the job with a more ingredient-driven, casually elegant approach. He credits Kelly Courtney, his predecessor at the W, for starting “to undo that precise plating. I’d be bent over with my squeeze bottle,” and she’d make fun of it.

He did cook privately for movie producer Joel Silver and then was asked to consult for Gjelina, “to help make some decisions in kitchen design,” Lett says. So he rolled with it: “ ‘Give me a dream kitchen, with a wood oven, Montague ranges,’ and they pulled the trigger on it, and I thought, ‘Wow, this is going to be a cool kitchen.’ I wasn’t convinced I was going to cook at all.... It just sort of happened.”

He set out to create a simple menu that wouldn’t require much of his involvement in case he burned out. “Just some pizzas and salads,” he says. “That was the most ignorant thought ever. I admit that our pizzas were average” at first. But even then Times restaurant critic S. Irene Virbila called them “a siren’s call to Westside pizza lovers” in her review. (The restaurant is selling 300 to 400 pizzas a day.) Now “I’m constantly analyzing it. Seeing my pizza come out right has become a personal thing.”

Propped on a counter in the new GTA space -- all white marble and skylight designed by Marshall Agriam Studio -- he describes himself as political about food, at least partly influenced by experiences at his grandparents’ farm in Ohio. “The farm once had chickens, cows, pigs. But then they grew corn because it was sink-or-swim. It was mysterious -- why there were no chickens in the chicken coop -- and it left a question no one seemed to answer. That really left a feeling.

“But I don’t have to talk about it at the coffee shop. The best way to be involved is to buy what’s local, what’s in season.... I’m actually surprised how long this took to become mainstream. At this point it should be standard.”

Then he notices the plastic container of biga -- the dough starter for his ciabatta -- that he has been carrying back and forth between Gjelina and GTA for the last several weeks, testing recipes and his new ovens.

“Now, I’ve got to bake more bread.”

Preserved lemons

1

In a bowl, mix the salt, coriander, black pepper, thyme and crushed bay leaf. Set aside.

2

Leaving the base of the lemons intact, cut the lemons in quarters lengthwise (do not cut all the way through). Place a couple of tablespoons of the salt mixture at the bottom of a sterile 1-quart glass jar. Add the lemons, firmly pressing them into the jar and layering plenty of the salt mixture in between the lemons. Fill to the top of the jar and top with the white wine vinegar. Tightly close the jars and store in the refrigerator for 1 month, or until the lemons are soft and fully submerged in a lemony brine.

Salad assembly

1

To smoke the almonds: Place 2 tablespoons of hickory chips into a stovetop smoker or on the bottom of a heavy lidded pan, covering an area about the size of your burner (if using a pan, you will also need a rack or screen that fits inside). Place a rack over the wood chips. Place the almonds on the rack; they should not be directly over the chips. Cover the pan almost entirely, leaving it slightly open so it is possible to tell when the chips begin to smoke. Heat the burner over medium-high heat just until smoke begins to escape from the opening, then tightly cover the pan. Reduce the heat to medium-low. Continue to smoke the almonds until they are fragrant and have picked up the smoke flavor, about 5 to 7 minutes (depending on the intensity of the smoke). Be careful not to oversmoke, or the almonds will taste bitter.

2

Meanwhile, heat the oven to 350 degrees. Place the smoked almonds on a sheet tray and toast for 6 to 8 minutes, until golden brown, being careful not to burn. (This makes more than is needed for the salad; store any extra in a tightly sealed container.) When cool, very roughly chop about one-half cup of the almonds. Set aside.

3

Finely chop the preserved lemons, using both the peel and flesh, and place into a mixing bowl. Add the extra virgin olive oil, honey and white wine vinegar. Whisk until emulsified. The dressing should be sharp and lemony without being overly bitter. Add salt and pepper to taste and additional vinegar if desired to brighten the flavors.

4

Place the escarole into a bowl and add the chopped smoked almonds. Using a mandoline or very sharp knife, very thinly slice the sunchokes (you should have about 1 1/3 cups) and add to the bowl. Add about one-fourth cup of the preserved lemon dressing to taste, being careful not to overdress the salad (less is generally more). Add salt and pepper to taste. Divide the salad among 4 plates and sprinkle Parmigiano-Reggiano over the top. Serve immediately.

Adapted from Travis Lett of Gjelina. Preserved lemons also can be purchased at Middle Eastern markets, select specialty food stores and well-stocked grocers. Small hardwood hickory chips are required to smoke the almonds on the stovetop; they are available at select cooking supply stores and online. Butter lettuce or endive can be substituted for the escarole.